Drug abuse and addiction, according to the National Institute of Health, impacts all Americans because we all pay the cost for it.
Statistics show that drug abuse and drug addiction cost Americans over $484 billion annually This figure includes healthcare costs (and abuses of that system), lost job wages, traffic accidents, crime and the associated criminal justice system costs.
Drug use and addiction is linked to at least half of the major crimes in this country, as at least half of the suspects arrested for violent crimes, such as homicide and assault, were under the influence of drugs when they arrested.
Stimulants are drugs that put you in a better mood or give you more energy. This type drug, including cocaine, amphetamines and even nicotine, is highly addicting.
Drugs change the chemistry of the brain, and that is one of the reasons that drugs are addicting. Nicotine, cocaine and marijuana are examples of drugs that cause changes in the brain chemistry affect how the brain works, which is why drugs are harmful for the brain.
HIV can be spread by intravenous injections, when drug users share needles. This is common knowledge. But its also true that those who abuse other drugs, drugs that don’t need to use needles to take, can have an increased risk of HIV.
Many people equate drug addiction with illegal drugs and alcohol, but some of the most addicting drugs are prescription medication. People become addicted to medications their own doctors prescribe for them, they sometimes steal them from parents or other relatives, or they buy them illegally. The National Survey on drug use and health in 2006 found that over 16 million teenagers admitted to trying this kind of drug at least once.
Because some people with terminal illnesses treat pain with marijuana, this drug has a reputation of being less harmful. But marijuana has many bad effects on the body, including causing learning and memory problems, altering perception of reality, causing clumsiness and increasing heart rate. Marijuana contains a chemical called THC which inhibits brain function, and can leave permanent or long-lasting effects even after you’ve stopped smoking it.